Solarna energija: tržišni uspjeh 2000.-2017. pramašio sva očekivanja

Cijene fotonaponskih panela naglo su padale i rasli instalirani kapaciteti fotonaponskih elektrana, zahvaljujući poticajnim mjerama niza visokorazvijenih zemalja, na čelu s Njemačkom. Mnogi novi proizvođači pojavili su se na tržištu.

Globalna financijska kriza 2008. uzrukovala je smanjenje poticaja. Godine 2011. došlo je do situacija da je ponuda premašila potražnju. Cijene i dalje padaju, mnogi proizvođači propadaju.

Tržiste se stabiliziralo 2014.. Međutim, cijene su nastavile padati. Danas su solarne elektrane najjeftiniji izvor električne energije u povijesti.

Današnji “PV magazine – The Weekend Read”


A number of reports and forecasts have been issued over the past seven days, each a shining signal of the positive, and dominant, trajectory the solar PV industry is on. The week began with news that Spain’s government expects solar to dominate the country’s energy mix by 2030, with up to 77 GW. The same day, oil giant, Shell released a new report, which envisions a very strong role for renewable energy, particularly solar, starting well before 2050.

South Africa also showed support for its renewables industry, after finally signing the 27 outstanding PPAs on Wednesday, meaning the country’s utility-scale solar sector can finally move on again.

A day later, the IEA was criticized, again, for its negativity surrounding renewables. Oil Change International and the IEEFA have taken the agency to task for misleading governments on climate policy through its energy forecasts.

Concurrently, IHS Markit said that with 11 GW, India is set to become the second largest solar PV market in 2018, usurping the U.S., as global demand reaches 113 GW. It adds that Q4 will be the biggest quarter in history for installations, with 34 GW expected; and IRENA announced that global renewable energy generation capacity hit 2,179 GW last year. Leading the charge were renewable hydro, onshore wind and solar PV.

Ending on a high note, Friday saw the release of two reports, one drafted by BNEF, UNEP, and the Frankfurt School-UNEP Collaborating Centre, which stated that global solar energy investments overshadowed all other forms of electricity generation in 2017; and another from GTM Research, which showed that global inverter shipments increased 23% in 2017, and revenues 11%, thus representing another record year. A market first, three-phase string inverter shipments overtook those of central inverters.

Finally, from the April issue of pv magazine, you can read Large-scale PV: Three markets, three questions.



Južna Afrika:

Kritike IEA:

Global demand:

IRENA anaunced:

Izvještaj BNEF idr.:

Global inverter shipments:

O autoru Zoran Oštrić

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